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Geographical Information Systems (GIS)

 

 

Geographical Information Systems (GIS) have become an essential tool for organizing spatially referenced data in landscape archaeology. GIS is any system that captures, stores, analyzes, manages, and presents data that are linked to location(s) and occupy surface. In the simplest terms, GIS is the merging of cartography, statistical analysis, and database technology.

GIS can be used in Natural History Projects for determining vegetation formations based on different layers of base maps of soils, topography, and the time of arrival of each tree type.

In archaeological architectural visualizations GIS can be very important tool to efficiently visualize entire sites like cities or towns with a large number of domestic buildings and workshops that need to be generated automatically. Their appearance should follow the aesthetic and statutory architectural rules of the corresponding epoch.

From various GIS data given as input, such as population density, land usage, street network and building footprints, highly specialized 3D software can populate entire area of the site with procedural buildings to efficiently create detailed large-scale models.